Leal, M., and R. Thomas. 1992. ELEUTHERODACTYLUS COQUI (Puerto Rican coquí). Prey. Herpetological Review 23: 79-80.

Thomas, R., and M. Leal. 1993. Feeding envenomation by Arrhyton exigumm (Serpentes: Colubridae). Journal of Herpetology 27: 107-109. PDF

Rodríguez-Robles, J. A., and M. Leal. 1993. Effects of prey type on the feeding behavior of Alsophis portoricensis (Serpentes: Colubridae). Journal of Herpetology 27: 163-168. PDF

Fleishman, L. J., E. R. Loew, and M. Leal. 1993. Ultraviolet vision in lizards. Nature 365: 397. PDF

Rodríguez-Robles, J. A., and M. Leal. 1993. ALSOPHIS PORTORICENSIS (Puerto Rican Racer). DIET. Herpetological Review 24: 150-151.

Leal, M., and R. Thomas. 1994. Notes on the feeding behavior and the exhibit of caudal luring by juvenile Alsophis portoricensis (Serpentes: Colubridae). Journal of Herpetology 28: 126-128. PDF

Leal, M., and J. A. Rodríguez-Robles. 1995. Antipredator responses of Anolis cristatellus (Sauria: Polychrotidae). Copeia 95: 155-161. PDF

Leal, M., and J. A. Rodríguez-Robles. 1997. Antipredator responses of the Puerto Rican giant anole, Anolis cuvieri (Sauria: Polychrotidae). Biotropica 29:372-375. PDF

Leal, M., and J. A. Rodríguez-Robles. 1997. Signalling displays during predator-prey interactions in a Puerto Rican anole, Anolis cristatellus. Animal Behaviour 54:1147-1154. PDF

Leal, M., J. A. Rodríguez-Robles, and J. B. Losos. 1998. An experimental study of interspecific interactions between two Puerto Rican Anolis lizards. Oecologia 117:273-278. PDF

Leal, M. 1999. Honest signalling during prey-predator interactions in the lizard Anolis cristatellus. Animal Behaviour 58:521-526. PDF

Torres, J., R. Thomas, M. Leal, and T. Gush. 2000 Ant and termite predation by the tropical blindsnake Typhlops platycephalus. Insectes Sociaux 47:1-6. PDF

Leal, M., and J. B. Losos. 2000 Behavior and ecology of the Cuban “Chipojo Bobos” Chamaeleolis barbatus and C. porcus. Journal of Herpetology 32: 318-322. PDF

Leal, M., and L. J. Fleishman. 2002 Evidence for habitat partitioning based on adapation to environmental light in a pair of sympatric lizard species. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 269: 351-359. PDF

Leal, M., A. K. Knox, and J. B. Losos. 2002. Lack of convergence in aquatic Anolis lizards. Evolution 56: 785-791. PDF

Fuller, R. C., L. F. Fleishman, M. Leal, J. Travis, and E. R. Loew. 2003. Intraspecific variation in retinal cone distribution in bluefin killifish, Lucania goodei. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 189:609-616. PDF

Losos, J. B., M. Leal, R. E. Glor, K. deQueiroz, P. E. Hertz, L. Rodríguez-Schettino, A. Chamizo-Lara, T. R. Jackman, and A. Larson. 2003. Niche lability in the evolution of a Caribbean lizard community. Nature 423: 542-545. PDF

Leal, M., and L. J. Fleishman. 2004. Differences in visual signal design and detectability between allopatric populations of Anolis lizards. American Naturalist 163: 26-39. PDF

Rodríguez-Robles, J. A., M. Leal and J. B. Losos. 2005 Habitat selection by the Puerto Rican Yellow-chinned anole, Anolis gundlachi. Canadian Journal of Zoology 83: 983-988. PDF

Fleishman, L. J., M. Leal and J. Sheehan 2006. Illumination geometry, detector position and objective determination of animal signal colours in natural light. Animal Behaviour 71: 463-474. PDF

Johnson, M. A., M. Leal, L. Rodríguez-Schettino, A. Chamizo Lara, L. J. Revell, and J. B. Losos. 2008. A phylogenetic perspective on foraging mode evolution and habitat use in West Indian Anolis lizards. Animal Behaviour 75: 555-563. PDF

Rodríguez-Robles, J. A., T. Jezkova, and M. Leal. 2008. Genetic structuring in the threatened “Lagartijo del Bosque Seco” (Anolis cooki) from Puerto Rico. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46: 503-514. PDF

Leonhardt, S. D., J. Tung, J. B. Camden, M. Leal, and C. M. Drea. 2008. Seeing red: behavioral evidence of trichromatic color vision in strepsirrhine primates. Behavioral Ecology 20: 1-12. PDF

Jezkova, T., M. Leal and J. A. Rodríguez-Robles. 2009 Living together but remaining apart: comparative phylogeography of Anolis poncesis and A. cooki, two lizards endemic to the aridlands of Puerto Rico. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 96: 617-643. PDF

Fleishman, L. J., M. Leal, and M. H. Persons. 2009. Habitat light and dewlap color diversity in four species of Puerto Rican anoline lizards. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 195: 1043-1060. PDF

Rodríguez-Robles, J. A., T. Jezkova, and M. Leal. 2010. Climatic stability and genetic divergence in the tropical insular lizard Anolis krugi, the Puerto Rican 'Lagartijo Jardinero de la Montaña." Molecular Ecology 19: 1860-1876. PDF

Gunderson, A. R., J. Siegel, and M. Leal. 2011. Tests of the contribution of acclimation to geographic variation in water loss rates of the West Indian lizard Anolis cristatellus. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 181: 965-972. PDF.

Leal M. and B. J. Powell. 2012. Behavioural flexibility and problem solving in a tropical lizard. Biology Letters 8: 28-30. PDF

Leal M. and B. J. Powell. 2012. On the flexibility of lizard's cognition: a response to Vasconcelos et al. Biology Letters 8: 44-45. PDF

Kolbe, J. J., M. Leal, T. W. Schoener, D. A. Spiller, and J. B. Losos. 2012. Founder Effects Persist Despite Adaptive Differentiation: A Replicated Field Experiment in Lizards. Science 335: 1086-1089. PDF

Gunderson, A.R. and M. Leal. 2012. Geographic variation in vulnerability to climate warming in a tropical Caribbean lizard. Functional Ecology 26:783-793. PDF | Supplementary material

Powell, B.J. and M. Leal. 2012. Brain Evolution across the Puerto Rican Anole Radiation. Brain, Behavior and Evolution 80:170-180. PDF

Leal, M. and A.R. Gunderson. 2012. Rapid Change in the Thermal Tolerance of a Tropical Lizard. The American Naturalist 180: 815-822. PDF

Steinberg, D. S. and M. Leal. 2013. Sensory system properties predict signal modulation in a tropical lizard. Animal Behavior 85:6623-629. PDF | Supplementary material

Jezkova, T., M. Leal and J. A. Rodríguez-Robles. 2013 Genetic dirft or natural selection? Hybridization and asymmetric mitochondrial introgression in two Caribbean lizards (Anolis pulchellus and Anolis krugi). Journal of Evolutionary Bilogy 26 on line version PDF

Reviews and Commentaries

Leal M. 1997. Anoles are smarter than humans. Journal of Biogeography 24: 536-537.PDF

Leal, M., and J. B. Losos. 2010. Communication and Speciation. Nature 467: 159-160.